Sudan has decided to place a ban over peanut exports leaving the community of peanut growers and the world a little surprised. The trade ministry has now banned to export of raw peanuts. Somewhere wishing to grow inwards and strengthen its domestic trade, it is now asking traders to look at processing the nuts in Sudan itself to earn more money.
Traders are not happy as the decision to self-reliance comes to them as a shock and does replace them with India as the more prominent exporters in the international market. Until now, the ‘Sudani’ variety of groundnut was known for its nutritional value.
As Sudan emerges from a long drawn battle from oppression and civil war, there were hopes to thrive yet again in the international market. The peanut is like a pride of the nation where Sudan secured the fifth position as an international earner from exports after gold, sesame, oil, and livestock.
Known as the Arabic gum, raw peanuts are a product that the country identifies with. It is like one takes away dates from Dubai itself. The news of the ban has not reached the whole Sudanese farming population. The country is essentially agrarian in nature that depends a lot on export income. A sudden shift to domestic consumption will take its own time as Sudan does not have the machinery and know-how to consume raw material locally.
Sudan has been a preferred export partner to meet the world’s raw peanut consumption because of the ideal climatic conditions it presents for the rearing of peanuts. Peanuts are well suited to Sudan’s climate, growing both under irrigation in the center and east, or from rainwater in war-torn Darfur in the west, or Kordofan in the south.
Despite being rich in fossil fuels and other dry ingredients, it has continued to reel under poverty. The population is essentially farmers and illiterate cattle herders who were sucked into civil war and then foreign power control that took sides and took advantage of internal strife, with the intent to reap benefits of Sudan’s rich resources.
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